Voting is one of the most fundamental rights given to American citizens, however, once convicted of a felony, whether or not that right will be restored to you is up to the state that you reside in. The laws for Louisiana include:
If You’ve Been Charged
You cannot vote in Louisiana if you are incarcerated for a felony conviction or if you have an order of incarceration for a felony conviction.
If you are ordered to prison, but have not yet reported or are on the run, you cannot vote in any election. It is treated as if you are already incarcerated.
The state of Louisiana does not allow felons still on paper to vote.
If you are on probation or parole for a felony conviction, whether or not you did any jail/prison time, you cannot vote.
Once you have completed your probation or parole, however, you are free to register to vote and take part in local, state and federal elections.
You cannot vote as long as you are incarcerated.
Restoration of Rights
You must register to vote in your principle county, town etc and you must provide proof from the probation, parole department or prison/jail that you have completed your entire sentence.