What is the difference between minimum, low, medium and maximum security facilities?

The differences mostly have to do with how protected the perimeter of the facility is and the guard-to-inmate ratio...

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What is the difference between minimum, low, medium and maximum security facilities?

Minimum Security facilities typically have no fences and there are fewer guards supervising the inmates.

Low Security facilities have one fence with razor wire. These programs often have more guards than in Minimum, and they often have a work program for the inmates.

Medium Security facilities have two fences topped with razor wire and electronic monitoring. The inmates usually live in cells but usually have an opportunity to participate in work and treatment programs. There are more guards per inmate, for greater security.

In Maximum Security facilities, the inmates live in cells are closely monitored by guards. In addition to high guard-to-inmate ratios, Maximum Security facilities have:

three fences topped with razor wirerolls of razor wire at the base of the fences

electrical current running through all the fences

• guard towers with lethal hunting rifles, shotguns and tear gas at the ready

 

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